JR East Professor of Civil
and Environmental Engineering and Engineering Systems
Dr. Joseph M. Sussman is the JR East Professor (endowed by the East Japan Railway Company) in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Engineering Systems Division at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he has served as a faculty member for 43 years. He served as interim director of ESD for the 2011-2012 academic year.
Dr. Sussman is the author of Introduction to Transportation Systems, a graduate text published in 2000, in use at a number of universities in the U.S. and abroad. It has been translated into Greek, Chinese and Spanish. His book Perspectives on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) was published in 2005. Sussman received the Roy W. Crum Distinguished Service Award from TRB, its highest honor, “for significant contributions to research” in 2001, and the CUTC Award for Distinguished Contribution to University Transportation Education and Research from the Council of University Transportation Centers in 2003. In 2002 ITS Massachusetts named its annual “Joseph M. Sussman Leadership Award” in his honor. He became a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2007. In 2008, he won the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the School of Engineering Alumni of the City College of New York.
In 1997 Sussman won the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department’s Effective Teaching Award. In 2002 he won the Technology and Policy Student Society “Faculty Appreciation Award” for his design and teaching of a new required subject called Introduction to Technology and Policy. In 2009, Sussman won ESD’s Joseph A. Martore Excellence in Teaching Award
In 2006, he initiated the transportation systems focus area for the MIT-Portugal Program (MPP), a $40 million, 5-year program of education and research. His MPP work includes participation in the development and teaching of a new international MSc in transportation systems in collaboration with three Portuguese universities, and research in Regional Strategic Transportation Planning (RSTP), Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and High-Speed Rail (HSR).
Sussman’s work in railroads goes back to the beginning of his faculty career. His initial research in the 1970s and 1980s in freight railroads focused on service reliability, rail operations, and maintenance. When he became the JR East Professor in 1991, he turned his attention to passenger rail and especially high-speed rail (HSR), and risk assessment. Working with the Safety Research Lab at JR East, he led a major study in “global risk assessment” that subsequently guided safety investments on that railroad. He has had a major impact on the railroad industry in the U.S. and abroad, and has several prize-winning papers. He has worked with the Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer (UIC) on technology scanning for the international freight and passenger railroad industry. In Portugal, he is currently the principle investigator of the EXPRESS project examining many aspects of HSR planned for that nation, including megalopolis formation, financing of mega-projects, the financial “crowding-out” effects that may occur, air-HSR cooperation and competition and urban issues related to HSR services. Further HSR work includes comparative studies of HSR productivity in various international setting, systems studies using the CLIOS Process (see next paragraph) of the Northeast Corridor in the U.S., economic growth, environmental tradeoffs in the deployment of HSR, urban implications of HSR deployment and planning for high levels of uncertainty inherent in HSR.
Dr. Sussman focuses much attention on the study of “Complex, Large-Scale, Interconnected, Open, Sociotechnical” (CLIOS) Systems, working in many applications areas, and has developed the CLIOS Process to study such systems. Dr. Sussman has worked recently on developing a new methodology for regional strategic transportation planning (RSTP) embedded in the CLIOS Process, integrating ideas from strategic management, scenario-building, and technology architectures, and applying it to applications in the U.S. and abroad. His work in this arena includes transportation, technology and sustainability in Mexico City and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Currently, he is applying these ideas in Portugal and the U.S.
He has worked extensively on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), helping to build the U.S. national program. While serving as the first Distinguished University Scholar at IVHS (now ITS) AMERICA (1991-92), he was the only academic member of the core group of five that wrote the first Strategic Plan for IVHS in the U.S., a twenty-year plan for research, development, testing and deployment which has shaped the U.S. ITS program to the present day. He has worked on the development of an “intelligent corridor” in Bangkok, a comparison of ITS programs in Western Europe, Japan and the U.S., commercial vehicle operations, building regional ITS architectures in Massachusetts, emergency response and institutional issues concerning ITS and the provision of “flexibility” in surface transportation through ITS technologies. He was the program chair of the ITS America Annual Meeting in 2000, served several terms on the ITS America board, and has conducted short courses in ITS for practicing professionals in the U. S. and abroad. Currently, he serves as the chairman of the ITS Program Advisory Committee for the US DOT, charged with advising the department on all facets of the ITS program.
Dr. Sussman chaired the TRB committee overseeing the Federal Railroad Administration’s R&D program from 1996 to 1999 and chaired, in 2006, a TRB panel reviewing the federal transportation strategic plan for R&D. Currently, Sussman chairs a new committee advising US DOT on the next generation of its Research, Development and Technology Strategic Plan (RD&T SP). Further, he chaired a TRB Task Force which produced a major TRB report entitled “Airport System Capacity — Strategic Choices” in 1990.
In February, 2011, an NRC committee that he chaired, wrote and released an NRC report entitled Federal Funding of Transportation Improvements in Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Cases. This report recommended a fundamental restructuring of the relationship between the Department of Defense and the civilian public sector with respect to how transportation programs are funded when there are substantial shifts of military personnel to bases in already congested areas.
He has worked on the application of computers to engineering problem solving, specializing in simulation methods and their application to the transportation field, and he contributed to the development of ICES (Integrated Civil Engineering System), among the most widely used computer systems in the engineering field. He has developed and taught undergraduate and graduate subjects in transportation, engineering systems, information systems, simulation methods, intelligent transportation systems, and technology and policy, and has written extensively on transportation education philosophy and program design. In 2008/9, he chaired the ESD committee that recommended a fundamental restructuring of the ESD PhD program. In the last several years, Sussman has devoted considerable attention to undergraduate education, teaching two required subjects in CEE, Project Evaluation and Engineering System Design. In ESD he developed Introduction to Engineering Systems, a freshman/sophomore class being taught for the first time in spring 2011. This class is intended to broaden the ESD footprint with MIT undergraduates and is the precursor to more ambitious ESD plans in the undergraduate arena at MIT.
He has served on review panels for transportation programs at Northwestern, the University of Toronto, Cornell, and the University of Michigan (chair). He currently serves as the chair of the CE advisory committee at CCNY and recently completed a 10-year stint on the advisory committee of Cal-IT2, a joint venture of UC-Irvine and UC-San Diego.
Dr. Sussman earned a B.C.E. from City College of New York in 1961, an M.S.C.E. from the University of New Hampshire in 1963, and a Ph.D. in Civil Engineering Systems from MIT in 1967. He joined the MIT faculty in 1967. From 1977 to 1979, Professor Sussman served as the Associate Dean of Engineering for Educational Programs. From 1980 to 1985, he served as Head of the Department of Civil Engineering at MIT. From 1986 to 1991, he served as Director of the Center for Transportation Studies (CTS) at MIT. During his term at CTS, research volume grew by 400% to more than $4 million annually at that time, reflecting an important expansion of CTS’ research agenda. In 2011-2012, he served as the ESD Interim Director.
Dr. Sussman is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Transportation Research Forum, Transportation Research Board (Executive Committee chair in 1994; member, 1991-1998), ITS America (Board of Directors, 1995-2001) and ITS Massachusetts (Board of Directors, 1996-2001). He co-founded Multisystems of Cambridge, MA in 1966 (now part of Transystems).
Dr. Sussman’s webpage may be accessed at http://cee.mit.edu/sussman. His book sites and MIT OpenCourseWare sites may be accessed there.
Books Published by Joseph M. Sussman
Joseph Sussman publishes New Book on Transportation Systems
Transportation in the Northeast Corridor of the U.S.: A Multimodal and Intermodal Conceptual Framework – February 29, 2012
Senior Author of “CLIOS Process Teaching Note” – February 19, 2009
Joseph Sussman Receives Transportation Research Forum Distinguished Researcher Award – May 9, 2014
Prof. Sussman delivers 2012 Charles L. Miller Lecture – MIT News – April 27, 2012; Watch on TechTV
Joseph Sussman quoted in article about Massachusetts commuters: “Mass. commuters spend more time on the road than most in U.S.” – Patriot Ledger – December 21, 2011
Sussman named interim director of MIT Engineering Systems Division
Joseph Sussman reappointed Chair of U.S. Department of Transportation ITS Program Advisory Committee
Joseph Sussman presented the 2009 Thomas D. Larson Transportation Lecture at Pennsylvania State University
Joseph Sussman quoted in article
about recent traffic jams in Boston The Boston Globe
– August 25, 2009
Faculty Summer Reading List 2009 – June 19, 2009
Sussman quoted in article about Chinese railroad industry
BusinessWeek – June 17, 2009
Joseph Sussman honored with Joseph A. Martore Excellence
in Teaching Award – April 10, 2009
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